Afghanistan Peace Agreement 2020

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The resulting intra-Afghan negotiations were scheduled to begin on 10 March 2020 in Oslo, Norway. [100] The composition of the Afghan government`s negotiating team has not yet been determined, as the results of the 2019 Afghan presidential election are disputed. [101] The agreement obliges the Afghan government to release 5,000 Taliban prisoners in exchange for a prisoner exchange for 1,000 government soldiers held by the Taliban until the start of the talks. [97] The Afghan government did not participate in the agreement, and on 1 March, Mr. Ghani said he would oppose the prisoner exchange: “The Afghan government has not committed to releasing 5,000 Taliban prisoners. […] The release of prisoners is not the authority of the United States, but the authority of the Afghan government. [102] [103] [104] [105] Ghani also stated that any prisoner exchange “cannot be a precondition for discussion” but must be part of the negotiations. [106] On 2 March, a Taliban spokesman said they were “fully ready” for intra-Afghanistan talks, but that there would be no talks if about 5,000 of their prisoners were not released. He also said that the agreed period of reducing violence was over and that operations against Afghan government forces could resume. [107] The Taliban in Afghanistan on Tuesday called on U.S.

President-elect Joe Biden to continue to abide by the Doha peace agreement signed with the group under the Donald Trump administration. A final peace agreement and the possible withdrawal of U.S. forces remain important priorities. The United States has deployed combat troops to Afghanistan for nearly two decades and has urgent interests in Afghanistan and abroad – including the fight and recovery of COVID-19 and competition from major powers like Russia and China. But the Americans must be aware that peace negotiations are likely to be long and difficult. As tempting as it is to withdraw U.S. forces without agreement, it would be a mistake, especially if it is the Taliban`s fault. Withdrawing the United States from Afghanistan without a peace agreement would significantly increase the level of violence in Afghanistan, risk a growing regional war, provoke a humanitarian crisis, allow an Islamist extremist group to invade Kabul, and raise serious questions among allies about the reliability of the United States. On 22 June 2020, Afghanistan announced its “bloodiest week in 19 years”, during which 291 members of the Afghan National Defence and Security Forces (ANDSF) were killed and 550 others wounded in 422 Taliban attacks. At least 42 civilians, including women and children, were also killed and 105 others wounded by the Taliban in 18 provinces.

[109] During the week, the Taliban abducted 60 civilians in the central province of Daykundi. [110] Five months after the United States signed a historic agreement with the Taliban, the Islamist militant group that protected Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden after September.