French Indicative models of power purchase obligation (ECA) contracts for small installations / renewable energy sources under Law No. 2000 (Law No. 2000-108 of 10 February 2000) and the related Decree (Decree No. 2000-877 of 7 September 2000) and the 2001 Decree (Decree No. 2001-410 of 10 May 2001) setting the conditions, including the network and electricity distributors to purchase electricity from small producers of electricity and wind energy – Order of 8 June 2001 laying down the conditions for the purchase of electricity produced by installations using wind mechanical energy as referred to in Article 2 (2o) of Decree No 2000-1196 of 6 December 2000. Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) for medium and large oil-fired power plants (Example 5) – Longer model power purchase agreement to be used in developing countries for oil-fired power plants. Created by an international law firm for the World Bank as an overview of the regulations commonly found in power purchase agreements in international private power plants. Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) for temporary, mobile or emergency short-term power supply Short-term, temporary or emergency power purchase agreement for the purchase of electricity from a mobile system (on runners). Prepared by an international law firm for a small rural energy project in Africa, accompanied by an implementation agreement. The above-mentioned ECA should be distinguished from power purchase agreements in a deregulated electricity market, where agreements are generally power purchase agreements with a private producer where the power plant already exists or where the plant is built on the initiative of the private producer. For examples of this type of PPA, click on the following sample links: Edison Electric Institute Master Power Purchase & Sale Agreement (PDF) (4/25/2000) and Tri-State PPA.
Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) for small rural energy projects are part of a series of documents prepared by international law firms for use in small rural energy projects. Documents prepared for the Southeast Asian country. For a more detailed analysis of the problems associated with such PMAs, see the IFC`s Guide to Power Purchase Agreements (1996) – which can be found in Annex 2 (page 160) of the World Bank`s Concession Toolkit (pdf). A Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) secures cash flow for a clean construction transfer (BOT) or a concession project for an independent power plant (IPP). This is between the “buyer” buyer (often a state electricity supplier) and a private electricity producer. The ECA described here is not suitable for electricity sold on world spot markets (see Deregulated Electricity Markets below). This summary focuses on a thermal base load system (the problems would be slightly different for thermal or hydraulic systems in the mid range or with a peak load). .